An Introduction to Genealogy
There are hundreds of reasons to start looking into your genealogy (researching your family's history) - you
might want to know where the family's left-handedness or artistic talent stems from, confirm a family legend or
discover the origins of a surname, but whatever the intention, your family history is totally unique.
The colourful personalities of previous generations add to its personal complexity and make genealogy a truly
absorbing hobby. With the help of this step-by-step guide, you can get started in researching your family tree.
1. Start With Yourself.
Begin by writing a list of every known relative, then sketch a rough family tree. It's easier to trace your
family tree if you start with yourself and work backwards, so write your name along the bottom, your parents above,
and work upwards from there adding any known personal details like dates of birth.
2. What do you know?
Dig out family heirlooms, keepsakes and documents and ask your family to do the same. Birth, marriage and death
certificates, diaries, photo albums, ration books, military papers, newspaper cuttings, school certificates and
family Bibles all provide clues. Check inside books for inscriptions, the back of photographs for dates and
military papers for regiment details. All these items that were deemed too important to throw away have something
to say about the people who treasured them.
3. Speak to the family
Speaking to your family will fill in the gaps and jog a few memories about your family's past. There are basic
details you should aim to find out about every ancestor but if they are in living memory, you can also find out
about their personality, temperament and qualities. Arrange a family reunion and spend an afternoon reminiscing. If
you've lost touch with relatives, write to them, enclosing a copy of the family tree and requesting information. At
this stage, it's vital to find out as much as you possibly can from living relatives. They may muddle generations
and supply inaccurate dates, but their vivid stories set a time frame for later research and those dusty records
will still be there long after they are gone.
4. One step at a time
When visiting record repositories, to save time and effort, it is far easier to concentrate on one line at a
time and being methodical from the onset. Everyone has four grandparents and eight great-grandparents, let alone
numerous aunts and uncles so it can become confusing in record offices, especially when you're dealing with large
families who are often named after the previous generation.
5. Up into the branches
The next step is to verify the family's oral history in national records, confirming dates, locations and name
Start with birth, marriage and death certificates, also known as vital records. They not only provide details about
the individual concerned but also contain the parent's names, occupations and location. As long as you know this
information, you can continue to trace the line back through the generations with just these sources.
Civil Registration began in England and Wales in 1837 and Scotland in 1855. Registers of births and deaths in
Northern Ireland are available from 1864, and registers of marriages from 1845. Census returns are a cheaper source
for the genealogist and since they are taken every decade, they paint a picture of the household through its
Census records provide information about children, occupations, addresses and birth dates. As long as you know
where your ancestor lived, you should be able to find the relevant census, although caution should be taken if you
have a common surname. You don't want the wrong family!
When it comes to tracing your family prior to civil registration in 1837, the most valuable sources
are parish records. Each parish in England and Wales since 1538, Scotland since 1558 and Ireland since 1634 has
kept them, although complete sets rarely survive. Many parish records are available free from the International
Genealogical Index ' (IGI), a database maintained by the Church of the Latter Day Saints (LDS), as part of their
They only catalogue baptism and marriage documents but these are available free on the internet or
in LDS Family History Centres.
These records will form the backbone of your family tree and pave the way for further research into
wills, trade directories, local newspapers, military records, ecclesiastical records and property transactions.
Your local library and family history centre will be able to point you in the right direction.
The internet can be an invaluable tool for the beginner, providing useful articles, interaction with others and
surname search facilities. Below we have some of the best websites for the genealogy beginner:
www.origins.net is a great starting point for British genealogy and features how-to articles, source guides,
surname search facilities covering millions of records and access to the public record offices.
GENUKI is a non-commercial virtual reference library provided by an ever-growing group of
volunteers in co?operation with the Federation of Family History Societies and a number of its member societies,
International Genealogy Index - Free search through baptism and marriage records dating from 1538 to 1875.